How to Bake Like a Pro- Basic Sponge Cake Recipe

Sponge Cake

Sponge cake, with its delicate texture and airy crumb, is a beloved classic in the world of baking. It’s the kind of dessert that has stood the test of time and continues to enchant taste buds around the globe. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the delightful world of sponge cake, exploring its origins, unique characteristics, and the many ways it can be enjoyed.

What is Sponge Cake

At its core, sponge cake is known for its simple yet elegant composition. It’s a type of foam cake that relies on whipped eggs to achieve its signature light and fluffy texture. The magic happens when eggs and sugar are whipped together until they transform into a pale, voluminous mixture, which serves as the base for this delectable treat.

What is difference between Sponge Cake, Angel Food Cake and Chiffon Cake

Sponge cake, angel food cake, and chiffon cake are all delicious desserts with their unique characteristics. While they share some similarities, they also have distinct differences in terms of ingredients, preparation, and texture. Here’s a breakdown of these three types of cakes:

Sponge Cake:
  • Ingredients: Sponge cakes typically consist of eggs, sugar, flour, and sometimes a small amount of fat (butter or oil). They rely heavily on eggs for their rise and texture.
  • Texture: Sponge cakes have a tender, fine crumb with a moist but not overly dense texture.
  • Leavening: Sponge cakes are leavened primarily by the air incorporated during the whipping of eggs. Some recipes might use baking powder as a secondary leavening agent.
  • Flavor: They have a mild, neutral flavor, making them versatile for a variety of fillings and toppings.
Angel Food Cake:
  • Ingredients: Angel food cakes are unique as they contain no egg yolks or fat. The main ingredients are egg whites, sugar, cake flour, and cream of tartar.
  • Texture: Angel food cakes have an exceptionally light and airy texture, almost like a cloud. They are incredibly tender and moist.
  • Leavening: The cake relies solely on whipped egg whites and cream of tartar for leavening, resulting in a very high rise.
  • Flavor: Angel food cakes have a sweet, delicate flavor with a subtle vanilla essence. They are often served plain or with a light glaze or fruit topping.
Chiffon Cake:
  • Ingredients: Chiffon cakes are a hybrid between sponge and butter cakes. They contain egg yolks, sugar, flour, baking powder, oil, and flavorings (such as vanilla or citrus zest).
  • Texture: Chiffon cakes have a moist and tender crumb, similar to sponge cakes, but they are typically richer due to the addition of egg yolks and oil.
  • Leavening: Baking powder is used in chiffon cakes to provide leavening, along with whipped egg whites for a light and airy texture.
  • Flavor: Chiffon cakes have a richer, more buttery flavor compared to sponge cakes and angel food cakes. They also have a slight oiliness that adds to their moistness.

Versatile and Adaptable

One of the most enchanting aspects of sponge cake is its adaptability. It serves as a canvas for a wide array of flavors and toppings. Whether you prefer a classic sponge cake dusted with powdered sugar, a decadent layer cake filled with luscious cream and fruit, or a rolled sponge cake filled with jam, there’s a sponge cake variation to suit every palate.

Sponge cake’s versatility extends beyond its flavor profiles. It’s an ideal base for elaborate decorations, making it a favorite choice for special occasions and celebrations. Fondant, buttercream, fresh berries, chocolate ganache, or a simple drizzle of syrup can transform a plain sponge cake into a work of art that’s as visually appealing as it is delicious.

Sponge cake’s light and airy nature makes it suitable for a wide range of occasions. Whether you’re serving it as an everyday treat, a birthday cake, or a wedding centerpiece, its universal appeal ensures that it’s always a crowd-pleaser.

Check out my baking tutorial where I demonstrate how to create a traditional sponge cake. Click the link to watch the step-by-step process and master the art of making this classic dessert.

Are you more of a cookie lover than cake lover? Check out how to make the most amazing NY style chocolate chunk cookies here!

Sponge Cake

Professional Sponge Cake Recipe

Discover the secrets to baking the perfect professional sponge cake with this step-by-step recipe. Learn the techniques and tips that will elevate your cake-making skills to a whole new level. Your taste buds are in for a treat!
Prep Time 1 hour
Cook Time 26 minutes
Course Dessert
Servings 12 servings


  • 112 gr cake & pastry flour substitute with 3/4 cup gluten-free flour
  • 55 gr cornstarch
  • 170 gr granulated sugar
  • 6 eggs, whole
  • 75 gr vegetable or canola oil
  • 1/4 tsp salt
  • 1 1/2 tsp vanilla extract


  • Preheat the oven to 350F
  • Grease a 9" pan and line the bottom with parchment paper
  • In a medium bowl, sift together the flour and cornstarch
  • In a mixing bowl over a pot of simmering water, whisk together eggs, sugar and salt. Continue whisking until temperature reaches 120F
  • Place bowl in your stand mixer, and mix at high speed for about 20 minutes, until the mixture comes to 70-75 F
  • Slowly drizzle in the oil then the vanilla
  • Fold in the flour mixture a little at a time
  • Gently pour the batter in the prepared pan and bake for 25-30 minutes, until a toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean
  • Cool for 30 minutes on a wire rack before removing from the pan. Allow to come to room temperature before slicing and decorating with fresh fruit, whipped cream or jams.


If you are using gluten-free flour, don’t forget to add 1/2 tsp xanthan gum.Β 

Cate Amalfi

Fashionista- Nutellaholic- Baker- Cake Designer- DIY- All things pink

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